A Comprehensive Guide to Different Types of Gold Jewellery: Carats, Colours and More

by | Nov 6, 2023 | Gold Jewellery, Jewellery | 0 comments

A Comprehensive Guide to Different Types of Gold Jewellery: Carats, Colours and More


Gold, a timeless metal of captivating beauty and remarkable value, has fascinated humanity for centuries. Its allure remains undiminished even in the modern era, where an extensive array of gold jewellery options awaits those who seek to adorn themselves or get cash for gold in Kolkata. Yet, navigating the world of gold jewellery requires more than just an aesthetic eye – it demands an understanding of the various types of gold, their colours, and carats, which we will discuss here.

Types of Gold

To grasp the diversity of gold jewellery available, one must first appreciate that gold is often alloyed with other metals. Common alloying agents include copper, silver, zinc, palladium, and nickel, each of which imparts distinct hues to the gold.

Yellow Gold: The classic and timeless yellow gold is crafted by blending pure gold with copper, silver, and occasionally zinc. This alloy preserves the natural brilliance of gold, offering a warm, golden hue. Renowned for its hypoallergenic properties, yellow gold boasts a noticeable shine and is a popular choice for traditional jewellery. Unlike other gold types, it does not require plating but should be periodically cleaned to maintain its lustre.

White Gold: This is a blend of pure gold and other white metals like nickel, palladium, zinc, or silver. Typically, this alloy comprises 75% gold and approximately 25% nickel and zinc. However, artisans can tailor the alloy’s composition to achieve desired shades. 

Rose Gold: Built by mixing gold with copper, sometimes accompanied by silver, rose gold boasts a delicate rosy-pink hue. The combination of metals significantly influences the final shade. Silver brightens the alloy and diminishes its colour intensity. Manipulating the proportions of gold, copper, and silver allows artisans to create varying rosy hues. Intriguingly, the choice of gold type can influence both the aesthetics and care required for your loved jewellery.

The World of Gold Carats

The purity and quality of gold jewellery are measured in carats, reflecting the proportion of gold in the alloy. Pure gold, in its raw form, lacks the durability and hardness needed to create jewellery, necessitating its alloying with other metals. This blending results in varying carat levels, where the lower the carat, the more economical the jewellery is due to a reduced gold content. A carat represents 1/24th of pure gold, making it a pivotal measure for gold enthusiasts. When you want to Sell Old Gold Jewellery for cash you need to be aware of the type of jewellery and its purity. 

Gold Jewellery Types

The world of gold jewellery offers a rich diversity of choices, allowing individuals to express their style and preferences. Here are some of the popular categories:

Gold Plated: This category features jewellery with a base metal, often brass or copper, covered by a thin layer of gold, typically constituting 0.05% or less of the total weight. While it is the most budget-friendly option, gold-plated jewellery may require periodic re-plating to maintain its appearance.

Gold-Filled: Gold-filled jewellery involves a base metal, such as brass or copper, and bonding a layer of solid gold to it. through heat and pressure. It boasts greater durability and a thicker gold layer compared to gold-plated counterparts, typically containing a minimum of 5% gold.

Gold Vermeil: This type of jewellery undergoes an electroplating process, featuring a sterling silver base enveloped in a generous layer of gold plating, often comprising 2.5 microns of gold. The result is a luxurious appearance and enhanced value.

Solid Gold: The epitome of luxury, solid gold jewellery contains no base metal and comes in various carats. The higher the carat, the greater the quality, purity, and price, making solid gold a symbol of opulence.

The world of gold jewellery is as diverse as it is enchanting. Whether you seek a trendy accessory or a traditional masterpiece, you have a multitude of options at your disposal. However, it is essential to approach reputable gold buyers when you want cash for gold in Kolkata.


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